Revitalised Agreement On The Resolution Of The Conflict In The Republic Of South Sudan

Implementation of the R-ARCSS provisions for the creation of the CTRH, HCSS and credit rating agency will promote justice, unity, reconciliation and impunity. This will achieve the goals and objectives of the agreement, given the importance of justice, reconciliation and national healing in any peace process. The RTGoNU cabinet, as stipulated in the agreement, will have 35 ministers – 20 from the TGoNU in place, 9 from SPLM/A-IO, 3 from SSOA, two former detainees and one by other political parties – and 10 deputy ministers (five from the TGoNU in place, three from SPLM/A-IO, one from SSOA and another from other political parties). The newly formed Parliament is very inflated, with 550 MPs – 332 from the TGoNU in office, 128 from the SPLM/A-IO, 50 from SSOA, 30 from other political parties and 10 former detainees. However, another possible obstacle to the implementation of the R-ARCSS could be deep mistrust and mistrust between the parties and between the parties to the agreement, which cannot be concealed. Given the continuing rivalry that has manifested itself in the experiences of terrible and unsuitable inter-communal clashes between their respective supporters in South Sudan, such antagonism must be understood. Since the start of the second civil war in December 2016, Kiir has repeatedly stated that he is neither willing nor willing to cooperate with Machar, citing their intransigence9. The motives and behaviours of the other are suspect, particularly when it comes to the organization, constitution and implementation of historically controversial and politically sensitive provisions concerning the number and borders of South Sudan States (Article 1.15), a permanent ceasefire and transitional regimes (Article 2.4), transitional justice, reconciliation and national healing (Article 5.1). This mistrust may ultimately undermine the willingness of RTGoNU parties to engage constructively, exchange information and cooperate. This generally minimizes the potential of most transitional authorities and peace pacts. We must also do everything in our power to meet the growing humanitarian needs and the parties must ensure safe and unhindered humanitarian access throughout the country.

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